The Americans with Disabilities Act includes Web Content Accessibility Guidelines (WCAG) 2.1 and defines how to make Web content more accessible to people with disabilities.
Accessibility involves a wide range of disabilities, including visual, auditory, physical, speech, cognitive, language, learning, and neurological disabilities.
These legal compliance guidelines are recognized as standard recommendations provided by the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) effective June 5 2018.
The ADA WCAG 2.1 compliance requirements are different than traditional legislation regarding physical access to ‘’brick and mortar’’ businesses and are focused on digital access to websites that provide ‘’public accommodation’’.
On October 7 2019, the U.S. Supreme Court denied a petition by Domino’s Pizza to review a ruling by the 9th Circuit for the U.S. Court of Appeals with regard to making the Domino’s Pizza website accessible to individuals with impaired vision.
‘’The ADA mandates that places of public accommodation, like Domino’s, provide auxiliary aids and services to make visual materials available to individuals who are blind.”
U.S. Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit
According to pacer.gov, there were ‘’2,258 website accessibility-related lawsuits in 2018, up from just over 800 in 2017. Fourteen states received complaints in reference to violations of Title III of the ADA, which prohibits "places of public accommodation" from discriminating against people with disabilities.’’
The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) became law in 1990. The ADA is a civil rights law that prohibits discrimination against individuals with disabilities in all areas of public life, including jobs, schools, transportation, and all public and private places that are open to the general public. The purpose of the law is to make sure that people with disabilities have the same rights and opportunities as everyone else. The ADA gives civil rights protections to individuals with disabilities similar to those provided to individuals on the basis of race, color, sex, national origin, age, and religion. It guarantees equal opportunity for individuals with disabilities in public accommodations, employment, transportation, state and local government services, and telecommunications. The ADA is divided into five titles (or sections) that relate to different areas of public life.
In 2008, the Americans with Disabilities Act Amendments Act (ADAAA) was signed into law and became effective on January 1, 2009. The ADAAA made a number of significant changes to the definition of “disability.” The changes in the definition of disability in the ADAAA apply to all titles of the ADA, including Title I (employment practices of private employers with 15 or more employees, state and local governments, employment agencies, labor unions, agents of the employer and joint management labor committees); Title II (programs and activities of state and local government entities); and Title III (private entities that are considered places of public accommodation).